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HomeNanotechnologySelf-assembling molecules improve effectivity in photo voltaic cells

Self-assembling molecules improve effectivity in photo voltaic cells


Could 15, 2024

(Nanowerk Information) Researchers from Kaunas College of Expertise (KTU), Lithuania, who contributed to the event of record-breaking photo voltaic cells a couple of years in the past, expanded their invention. The self-assembled monolayers can now be utilized not solely in inverted but additionally in common construction perovskite photo voltaic cells. Their findings revealed in ACS Power Letters (“Nonfullerene Self-Assembled Monolayers As Electron-Selective Contacts for n-i-p Perovskite Photo voltaic Cells”). Self-assembling molecules prepare themselves right into a single-molecule-thick layer and on this case, they act as an electron-transporting layer in photo voltaic cells. “The molecules that make up these monolayers, like a intelligent glue, coat the floor of the constructed units with a skinny one molecule thick layer. And this isn’t random, they do not stick wherever they go, however connect themselves by chemical bonds solely the place they’re in touch with conductive steel oxide,” explains Tadas Malinauskas, Professor at KTU’s College of Chemical Expertise and one of many inventors of the brand new know-how. In accordance with Malinauskas, the event of such a layer is a comparatively easy and material-efficient course of that requires a glass substrate with an electrically conductive steel oxide layer to be immersed in or sprayed with a extremely diluted resolution of the compound. On this method, the self-assembling molecules are solely connected to the floor of the steel oxide, and people that don’t stick are washed away. This fashion a skinny layer is created solely the place it’s wanted. Nonfullerene Self-Assembled Monolayers As Electron-Selective Contacts for n-i-p Perovskite Solar Cells Graphical summary of the work. (Reprinted from DOI:10.1021/acsenergylett.4c00306, CC-BY 4.0)

An important step within the growth of the following era photo voltaic cells

A crew of KTU researchers has been synthesising and finding out charge-transporting natural supplies for a number of years. Earlier experiments have targeted extra on molecules used for optimistic cost switch within the perovskite photo voltaic cells. “We are able to already say with confidence that these molecules have given a significant increase to the event of the following era photo voltaic cells. So, our subsequent step is sort of logical: to develop analogous molecules that may carry detrimental prices, and to use these supplies in perovskite photo voltaic cells,” says Vytautas Getautis, professor on the KTU College of Chemical Expertise and Head of the analysis group answerable for invention. Though it’s a very skinny layer, the function it performs in photo voltaic cells is extraordinarily essential. Malinauskas says that the most effective analogy for its operate is the subway. “This layer, like an automated gate on the subway, permits just one sort of cost to cross via and proceed its journey in direction of the electrode,” he says. On this method, self-assembled molecules improve the effectivity of photo voltaic cells. Perovskite photo voltaic cell buildings differ within the sequence of layers. Within the common construction, a detrimental cost transporting layer is fashioned on a clear substrate, adopted by light-absorbing and optimistic cost transporting layers. In photo voltaic cells with an inverted construction, the optimistic and detrimental cost transport layers are swapped. Inventor and KTU PhD pupil Lauryna Monika Svirskaitė says that the principle distinction between the 2 buildings is the areas of their software. “The common construction is extra broadly used to review low-cost, easier-manufactured however much less environment friendly photo voltaic cells. The inverted structure permits them for use within the building of rather more environment friendly mixed units, also referred to as tandem units,” says Svirskaitė. In the meanwhile, as each buildings are being intensively researched, the KTU scientists imagine that the brand new invention is simply as vital and promising because the final one.
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